The electrospinning process can be used to create synthetic scaffolds for implantation. The advantages electrospinning are the ability to tailor polymer, architecture and structure to create materials suitable for different therapeutic applications.
Electrospun scaffolds can be made from a range of polymers and tailored to optimise mechanical properties, such as stiffness and elasticity, as well as degradation rate. Commonly used synthetic polymers include: Poly Lactides (PLA); Poly Lactide Glycolides (PLGA); Poly Caprolactone (PCL); Poly(lactide-co-caprolactone) (PLCL); Polyurethanes – elastic materials; Polyacrylonitrile (PAN). Biological raw materials can also be electrospun or blended with synthetic polymers.